Civil engineering is a broad field that encompasses a variety of specializations. From designing and creating physical structures to managing construction projects, civil engineers are responsible for a wide range of tasks. There are five main branches of civil engineering projects: construction and management, structure, geotechnics, water and architecture. Each of these branches requires a different set of skills and knowledge, including mathematics and physics. Construction and management engineering focuses on maintaining safety and environmental standards while taking into account the amount of time and money needed for completion.
This type of civil engineering is also responsible for evaluating the types of maintenance needed to keep the infrastructure working properly. Geotechnical engineering examines how infrastructure interacts with soil and other natural elements, taking into account local geography and what building materials work best in a particular climate. This ensures the operability and safety of the building. Structural engineering uses physics and mathematics to determine the safest and most functional way to design a project. This type of engineering focuses on creating a unique and aesthetically pleasing design for a bridge or building, while also taking into account what materials make the structure stable and secure.
Transportation engineering focuses on the safety and efficiency of transport modes and transport systems, as well as how to build them in a way that reduces their impact on the environment. Water engineering examines how water interacts with infrastructure and how we can use it to our advantage. It focuses on ways to redirect water flow in flood-like situations, how to properly store water through the construction and use of dams, how to use engineering techniques to transmit groundwater, and how to build the necessary waterways that can be useful in both rural and urban environments. This ensures that there is no water waste and that buildings remain safe. Structural engineering involves studying and analyzing the design of bridges, overpasses, marine structures and other buildings. These engineers are responsible for ensuring that these buildings are not only aesthetically pleasing, but that they are also safe, durable and useful.
This requires the identification of the loads, forces and stresses that could act on a structure. Another important branch of civil engineering is geotechnical engineering. Specialists working in this field study and analyze the rock and soil of the area where a civil structure is currently standing or is planned to be used for construction in the future. These engineers must have a vast knowledge of soil science, materials science, as well as the mechanics and hydraulics involved in the safe design of a variety of structures and buildings. If you're considering pursuing a career in civil engineering, it's important to understand all five branches so you can decide which one is right for you. Construction and management engineering focuses on maintaining safety standards while taking into account time constraints.
Geotechnical engineering examines how infrastructure interacts with soil elements while taking into account local geography. Structural engineering uses physics and mathematics to determine the safest way to design a project while also considering what materials make it stable. Transportation engineering focuses on safety standards while striving to improve ease of travel with new designs. Finally, water engineering looks at ways to redirect water flow while also building necessary waterways. At Leverage Edu, our experts can help you find an ideal course so you can start your civil engineering career at a reputable university.
With so many types of civil engineering fields available, it's important to understand all five branches before making your decision.