Civil engineering, the profession of designing and executing structural works that serve the general public, such as dams, bridges, aqueducts, canals, roads, power plants, sewage systems and other infrastructure. Civil engineers are professionals who are responsible for designing, constructing and maintaining various structures and public works projects. Common public works that civil engineers design and erect include buildings, roads, bridges, waterways, dams, and airports. Add civil engineering to one of your lists below or create a new one.
Environmental engineers can design and implement solutions that minimize pollution and waste or supervise projects in government parks. Water resource engineers are concerned with studying various water systems around the world and often work on projects such as wetland restoration and the design and construction of sewage systems. The first private university to teach civil engineering in the United States was the University of Norwich, founded in 1819 by Captain Alden Partridge. The final step to becoming a practicing civil engineer is to take and pass the Engineering Principles and Practices (PE) exam.
Water resource engineering deals with the collection and management of water (as a natural resource). But what is more irresponsible than playing with the fire of an imaginary civil war in today's France? This area of civil engineering is related to the prediction and management of water quality and quantity in underground (aquifers) and above ground (lakes, rivers and streams) resources. Civil engineering is the cornerstone of modern society and is responsible for almost all structures, water supply systems, roads and bridges that exist. Once certified, the engineer is appointed as a professional engineer (in the United States, Canada and South Africa), chartered engineer (in most Commonwealth countries), chartered professional engineer (in Australia and New Zealand) or European engineer (in most countries of the European Union).
The old civil engineering discipline of sanitary engineering has evolved into modern environmental engineering of such importance that most academic departments have changed their names to civil and environmental engineering. Civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and was defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. Other ancient historic civil engineering constructions include the Qanat water management system (the oldest is more than 3000 years old and more than 71 km), the Parthenon of Iktinos in ancient Greece (447—438 BC), the Appian Way of Roman engineers (c. With recent media attention on nanoscience and nanotechnology, the materials engineering has been at the forefront of academic research.
A transportation engineer is responsible for all aspects of various transportation systems, including air, rail, and road transport. In the 18th century, the term civil engineering was coined to incorporate everything civil as opposed to military engineering.